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England's Temperate Rainforest


A wet morning gave vibrant colours to the luxuriant mosses and ferns of Wistman's Wood, an Atlantic wet woodland in a Dartmoor Valley. I composed to exclude any distracting chinks of sky.

Great Staple Tor


Great Staple Tor on the first evening of my Dartmoor Photography Tour. This shooting location shows its twin pillars well-placed in the frame. Menacing clouds parted for a few minutes to give some crepuscular rays beside the more distant pillar. I made three exposures at different shutter speeds to capture the full dynamic range of the scene, fully revealed when they are combined in processing.

Stonehenge at Night


Stonehenge during my night photography workshop conducted in association with English Heritage. Light from the nearby town of Larkhill illuminated the clouds to make a dramatic backdrop. No filters or processing enhancements have been used in this image.

Star trails over Ludgershall Castle


Ludgershall Castle is a ruined 12th century royal residence in Wiltshire. I made 110 30-second exposures at F/2.8 and ISO 1600, which I combined in processing to show the result of Earth's rotation over one hour. Because the castle was close to my camera, I needed additional depth of field to get it sharply focused so I made an additional exposure at F/8 for 4 minutes for the foreground. The terrestrial landscape is lit by gibbous moonlight.

Photographing the Milky Way


A member of my Namibia Photography Tour group photographing the Milky Way from the Giant's Playground. The iconic foregrounds and exceptionally dark foregrounds of southern Namibia are ideal for photographing the core of our galaxy, which is high in the sky during August evenings. Including a human figure gives scale, context and a focal point to the image. I captured it using a Sigma 14mm F/1.8 Art lens at an exposure of 20 seconds at F2 and ISO 6400.

Silent Sentinels


Around 700 years ago, shifting sand dunes cut off the surface water supply to Deadvlei in the Namib Desert. Its trees died but centuries later their skeletons remain, preserved by dry desert air. We arrived before sunrise and selected this composition, then waited for the rising sun to fully illuminate the dune beyond to capture images of dead trees silhouetted against a backdrop of gold to give this painterly effect. In order to get all the trees in sharp focus, two frames were required, one focused on the nearest tree and the second on one of the others, which were then combined processing.

Desert Camouflage


Sidewinding adders (Bitis peringueyi) are superbly camouflaged in desert sand, enabling them to seize small reptiles with their poison fangs. We found this young adder in the Namib Desert during my Namibia Photography Tour and photographed it using a 180mm macro lens to fill the frame, whilst keeping a safe distance.

Forest Camouflage


The degree of camouflage that has evolved in Madagascar's eastern rainforests is astonishing. This image shows the front half of a leaf-tailed gecko (Uroplatus fimbriatus) but it can take a little while to spot. The gecko is side on and head down, its eye about 1/4 of the way up from the bottom near the centre line. Its toes blend into the bark towards the right hand side. Photographed using twin macro flash to give even illumination with slight directionality, so the gecko casts a faint shadow on the tree behind.

Dancing Lemur


Verreaux's sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi) is one of Madagascar's most charismatic lemurs. Being highly arboreal, its long back legs evolved to leap between trees but make running on all fours impracticable. To move over open ground, sifakas run in an upright posture, using their arms for balance, in a gait that appears much like dancing. This is tricky to photograph as one never knows which way the sifakas are going to run and a good picture requires them to be in full sun. We spent a couple of afternoons perfecting our technique on my Madagascar Photography Tour.

Baobab under the Milky Way


Grandidier's Baobab (Adansonia grandidieri) is the largest of Madagascar's six species of endemic baobab trees (compared to one species in the whole of mainland Africa). On this July evening, the bright core of the Milky Way was high in the sky, with Jupiter just above it. The small Magellanic Cloud can be seen to the right of the baobab, whilst the Large Magellanic Cloud is just breaking the horizon in the centre of the image. A 20 second exposure at F/2 and ISO 3200 has brought out fantastic detail in the Milky Way, whilst the baobab is lit by a little stray artificial light from the small village at the adjacent Avenue of Baobabs.

Eclipse of the Moon


The first partial lunar eclipse at moonrise to be visible in Britain for nearly 13 years was keenly awaited. I positioned myself about 1 km north-west of Colmer's Hill in Dorset, giving a clear line of sight to the position of moonrise over the Isle of Portland on the horizon. While I was waiting, a herd of 25 bullocks came to investigate what I was doing in their field, completely encircling me so they could all have a look. Having persuaded them to move on by waving my tripod above my head, I then had to wait for the moon to clear some thin cloud lying on the horizon. Single exposure of 0.5 seconds at F11 and ISO 800.

Marbled White and Moon


I captured this image on the Marlborough Downs as a single exposure in camera using a 300mm lens and macro twin flash to light the butterfly. It was tricky to get the camera in exactly the right position for the butterfly, which was waving around in a slight breeze, to be against the disk of the Moon and to keep autofocus locked on the butterfly when it kept trying to wander 400,000 kilometres beyond it. I took 290 images with a success rate of less than 1%.

Lindisfarne Castle


Rising out of a rocky crag on the Holy Island of Lindisfarne, this castle makes a compelling focal point in a landscape photograph. A rocky, lichen-encrusted shore makes the perfect foreground and a dark, menacing sky completes the scene. I captured this image during my Northumberland Seabirds and Castles Tour. For more images click here.

White Horse under Dark Clouds


I walked up Cherhill Down on an evening of heavy showers and sunny intervals in the hope of getting kind of lighting. It is worth spending a while getting rained on when I can see it coming.

Bee Orchid


One of Britain's best-loved flowers, the bee orchid has evolved to trick male insects into trying to mate with its flowers and thus distribute its pollen from one flower to another. The result is that the orchid achieves fertilisation whereas the bee does not! In order to get a good depth of field for the orchid and a diffuse background, I took nine frames identical in composition and exposure but with slightly different points of focus, then combined them using focus stacking software.

Poppies at Sunset


It is not possible to be sure in advance where poppies will appear each summer and that is part of their charm. This display on Salisbury Plain is visible from the eastbound A303 in Wiltshire. I composed with the earthworks of Yarnbury Hill Fort on the skyline and made the most of a spectacular sky.

Box Tunnel


The western entrance to Box Tunnel on the Great Western Railway, a masterpiece of engineering by Isambard Kingdom Brunel. I waited 1.5 hours for an exiting train to coincide with sunshine and chose a shutter speed of 1/13th second to give motion blur to the train.

Crackington Haven


Crackington Haven on the north Cornish coast just after sunset. A rising tide was chasing me up the beach, with waves wetting rocks above the waterline. I used a neutral density filter to achieve a shutter speed of 3.2 seconds, sufficient to smooth out of the water surface and concentrate the viewer's attention on the leading lines formed by the rock ledges running from each corner.

Glastonbury Tor at Dawn


Glastonbury Tor just before sunrise, with a little mist rising from the Levels. I positioned myself with a view through the door of St Michael's Tower and a gate silhouetted at bottom right.

Bluebells, looking straight up


A different take on bluebells in West Wood near Marlborough. I placed my camera on its back with a fish eye lens set to its widest focal length of 8mm and smallest aperture of F/22. The result captures the whole sky - a canopy of beech trees framed by bluebells.

Sea Eagle in Action


The White-tailed sea eagle is Britain's largest bird of prey, with a wingspan of almost 2.5 metres. I captured this image during my Mull Otters and Eagles tour as the eagle swoops to take a fish. A shutter speed of 1/1,600th of a second has frozen the action whilst an aperture of F/8 gave sharpness from wing-tip to wing-tip. For details of next year's tour, please visit my Mull Photography Tour page.

Snakeshead Fritillary


Snakeshead fritillaries are flowering early this year, no doubt thanks to our mild winter. Many at Upper Waterhay Meadow, adjacent to the River Thames in Wiltshire, are white (Fritllaria meleagris alba), though this one retains a hint of chequered pattern. It astonishes me how such a delicate plant can survive being hard frozen by April frost, which we had early this morning. This ability enables them to flower before other grass and other plants outcompete them later in spring.

Corfe Castle


The rising sun breaking through dawn mist at Corfe Castle. I selected my location on the flank of West Hill so the castle stood against the sky, to the right of the hill over which I knew the sun would rise. I was careful to retain separation between different parts of the ruined keep and to hide obtrusive modern development. Nothing has been cloned out of this image! The resulting composition gives a timeless feel to this 12th century castle, which was ruined in the English Civil War following its capture by Parliamentary forces in 1645.



Britain's most beautiful snake is best photographed when basking in early spring sunshine. As morning fog cleared in the Forest of Dean, I spent an hour with them before they reached their optimum temperature and moved off into undergrowth.

Milky Way


Stitched panorama of the Milky Way over Wadi Rum at 4.30am during my Jordan Photographic Discovery Tour. I made a set of 10 overlapping images from north (on the left) to south (on the right) with a 24mm lens in portrait orientation, each exposed at F/2 and ISO 3200 for 20 seconds, then stitched them together in Lightroom. The bright core of the Milky Way is where the centre of our galaxy lies, rotating around a supermassive black hole at a distance of 25,000 light years, forever hidden from our view. Much closer to Earth, three of our solar system's planets can also be seen: Jupiter against the galactic core, Saturn below it and Venus just risen near the centre of the image.

Desert in Bloom


Our comfortable tented camp in Wadi Rum was very well situated, with a view onto this striking east-facing mountain. Recent rain had brought a floral carpet into bloom. A few minutes after sunrise, I captured this image, the low angle of sunlight emphasising the ripples in foreground sand and imparting rich colours to the mountain beyond. For more images from my Jordan Photographic Discovery Tour, visit this gallery.



This superb viewpoint over one of Petra's best known monuments, The Treasury, is reached by a steep uphill climb. Bright overcast conditions were perfect, bringing out rich colour in the sandstone whilst avoiding harsh shadows. I asked a local Bedouin to pose on the cliff top for my photography tour group to photograph, giving a wonderful sense of perspective.

Winter Sky


Orion, Sirius and Pleiades over Martinsell Hill in Wiltshire on a winter evening. I timed my arrival to coincide with moonrise and as the gibbous moon rose above mist in the Vale of Pewsey behind me, it bathed the Scots Pine in soft, cold light. Less welcome was brisk wind during my 20 second exposure, which has caused a little motion blur in the pine branches.

Sandstone Rocks


Pastel tones of sunrise complement the sandstone rock pillars of Ladram Bay in Devon. I chose to make a fairly tight, portrait-shaped crop in order to simplify the scene, reducing it to just two rock pillars leaning in opposite directions. A four stop neutral density filter further simplified my composition by smoothing out the motion of the sea. This finished image was made by combining three consecutive exposures separated by two stops (0.8 seconds, 3.2 seconds and 13 seconds) in order to retain detail in the rocks and the bright areas of sky where the sun had just risen.

Martinsell Hill


I like the squeaky crunch made by freshly fallen snow as it is compressed under hiking boots. Especially at dawn, when there are no other footprints in the snow, providing certainty that no-one else has trodden through or gazed upon the unfolding scene beforehand. However, when I reached the summit of Martinsell Hill in Wiltshire this morning, I found a rabbit had got there first. I decided to use its tracks as leading lines to the much-photographed pine tree. As the risen sun was only just out of frame, I shaded the lens with my hand to avoid flare. Sharp focus from front to back was ensured by making three images at different focus points, which I combined in processing using focus-stacking software.

White Horse in Winter


I have tried to realise the potential of this winter composition at Alton Barnes in Wiltshire many times over the last 15 years. Today all the elements finally came together to make this image. A dusting of overnight snow turns the horse gleaming white and picks out the tractor route to form leading lines. I set up my tripod and waited for a brief shaft of sunlight to bathe the White Horse in golden light. Differential lighting across the scene emphasises the main subject, whilst dark clouds beyond Milk Hill add some drama.

Fountains Abbey at Night


The night sky viewed from within Fountains Abbey in Yorkshire. I made this image with an 8mm fish eye lens pointing straight up, to show the whole sky in a single frame. The constellations of Auriga and Gemini are framed by the arch at the bottom of the image, Cassiopeia is almost overhead and the Square of Pegasus towards the top right. I lit the interior of the Abbey with a little torchlight to bring out some detail in the stonework.

Jurassic Coast Photography Tour 2018


Winter solstice sunset at Portland Bill, photographed on my Jurassic Coast Photography Tour. We were treated to big waves on both east and west sides of Portland Bill, followed by a superb sunset. I selected this viewpoint from which the sun, setting at its southernmost point on the horizon of any day in the year, disappeared right behind the lighthouse. A shutter speed of 1.3 seconds has blurred the movement of waves just enough to form a pleasing foreground pattern and captured reflected colours from the gorgeous sky. More images from this tour can be seen here.

Sheep at the end of the rainbow


Sunshine and showers can make good landscape photographs. Setting out under overcast skies, I was hoping for late afternoon sunlight to break through and catch this clump of trees on Salisbury Plain with dark clouds beyond. When I arrived, I was treated to a bonus in the form of a rainbow with a flock of sheep at the end of it.



Moorhens are ordinarily matt black in colour but low winter sunlight brings their plumage to life, especially when reflected off water. I found this one at Slimbridge and waited for it to face me and bend to take a drink, so the bright red forehead almost, but not quite, touches its reflection.

Astrophotography in the RPS Journal


The Royal Photographic Society has published an article about my astrophotography in the December 2018 issue of its Journal. You can read the article here. The article is based on the content of one of my Astrophotography Workshops at Lacock Photography. For details of my tour to Namibia, one of the best destinations in the world for landscape astrophotography, visit my Photography Tours page.

Golden Toadstool


Fly agarics are quintessential toadstools and popular photographic subjects. I made this image just after sunset at Spye Park in Wiltshire, shining a small torch onto a gold reflector to illuminate the fungus. In order to get the camera low enough to the ground, I mounted it upside down beneath a horizontally extended tripod column. To give sufficient depth of field for the main subject whilst maintaining a diffuse background, I made several images of identical composition at different apertures and focus stacked them.

Light at the End of the Tunnel, Savernake Forest


The ancient hunting forest of Savernake is Wiltshire's largest area of woodland. The leaves tend to last longer on the trees than at other locations, perhaps because the size of the forest offers protection from wind and frost. I made this image looking down the main drive through the forest at 9am, with the sun straight in front of me. My first composition was from the middle of the drive but I found that by stepping just two metres to the right I could achieve a much more interesting, asymmetrically balanced composition. Backlighting filtering through the leaf canopy brings the leaves to life and an intriguing pool of sunlight further along the track draws the viewer through the image to a well-placed focal point. I took care that the sun was hidden behind a tree and not falling directly onto the front element of my lens.



Hoopoes are rare in Britain and the arrival of this one in rural Wiltshire resulted in considerable interest. This is the 150th bird species I have photographed in Britain, all of which can all be seen in my British Birds Galleries.

Andromeda Galaxy


The Andromeda Galaxy, photographed from my Wiltshire garden. Situated 2.5 million light years from Earth and containing around one trillion stars, this spiral galaxy is larger than our own Milky Way. I photographed it with my Canon 5D Mk iii and a 400mm lens at F/5.6 and ISO 3200. The light used to produce this image was acquired during 50 exposures of 45 seconds each, stacked in processing. Thanks to Gavin James for the use of his tracking device to compensate for Earth's rotation during each exposure and generously provided assistance.

Autumn in the Lake District


Langdale Pikes viewed from Loughrigg Tarn during my five day Autumn in the Lake District Photography Tour. The moody, overcast sky is an important part of this image and we had to wait for shafts of sunlight to illuminate first the peaks and then the foreground. Knowledge of the location, time of year, time of day and ideal lighting conditions, along with patience, paid dividends. For more images from this tour, please visit my Lake District 2018 Gallery.

Landscape Photography Workshop


Doric Temple reflected in the lake at Bowood, photographed during my Landscape Photography course based at Lacock Photography.

Dartmoor Photography Tour


My autumn photography tour on Dartmoor was blessed with excellent weather, giving great conditions for sunrise and sunset photography. We made this image of the charming church of St Michael de Rupe on Brentor a few minutes before sunset, benefitting from golden light on the church and perfectly situated wisps of cloud in the sky. For more images from the tour, visit my Dartmoor 2018 Gallery. Details of my 2019 tour can be found here.

Swanage Pier


I was invited to run two landscape photography workshops as part of the Royal Photographic Society's Visual Art Group autumn weekend in Dorset. It was raining heavily on Saturday morning so I took the group to Swanage Pier. Wet planks reflected light from a grey sky, bringing this image to life in a way that would not have occurred on a dry day. The wind direction was northerly and hence not driving rain directly onto our camera lenses. I increased contrast in the sky using a virtual graduated filter in Lightroom.

Spinnaker Tower


Graceful Spinnaker Tower has become an iconic image of Portsmouth. I wanted to capture the pink sky about 10 minutes after sunset and also the time of crossover lighting, when there is a balance between ambient light from the sky and the artificial lights on the tower. I made two shots with identical compositions, six minutes apart, and blended them in Photoshop using the Lighten mode to give this finished result.

Solar Alignment


On 15 September each year, the sun shines down the length of Caen Hill locks in Devizes for a couple of minutes shortly after rising. It also occurs on 28 or 29 March. This image is a high dynamic range capture of four RAW files at different exposures to record detail in the shadows as well as the highlights. The only digital alteration was removal in Photoshop of an unsightly rubbish bin beside the towpath.

Westbury White Horse


A sunlit subject with a dark, stormy sky behind it usually makes dramatic lighting so it is a combination I often seek. For this image I used the classic compositional gambit of the main subject (Westbury White Horse) on one intersection of thirds and the foreground interest (a conveniently situated white cottage) on the opposing intersection of thirds. It has been done countless times before - because it works!

Waiting for Sunrise


I arrived at this field of sunflowers on Salisbury Plain before sunrise and noticed that they were all facing east, as if waiting to greet the rising sun. Apparently when they are growing, sunflowers follow the sun around the sky but when mature and less supple, they settle down and face east. That warms them up quicker in the morning, which makes them more attractive to bees (Atamian, Hagop et al. “Circadian Regulation of Sunflower Heliotropism, Floral Orientation, and Pollinator Visits.” Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 5 Aug. 2016, Photographically, I love the scene and composed with the tree clump central in my image, allowing the hedge line to its right and the soft clouds on the left to give asymmetric balance. A pink-tinged line of cloud creates a subtle leading line from top left to the tree clump.

Our Galactic Centre


Milky Way and Mars over Durdle Door. I captured this image from the clifftop by making five overlapping frames, each exposed for 20 seconds at F/2, using a 24mm lens in landscape orientation. I then stitched the five frames together in Lightroom to create a vertical panorama. A Perseid meteor, distinctly green in colour, was captured on the fourth frame against the Milky Way. Both Mars and the Milky Way are reflected in the English Channel, creating shining paths of light in the dark sea.

Wheel of Stars


One hour of star trails over Wilton Windmill. By positioning myself so that the Pole Star was directly above the windmill and making 120 consecutive 30 second exposures, I showed the effect of Earth's rotation as a giant wheel of stars, echoing the daytime rotation of the windmill's sails. A Perseid meteor can be seen just to the right of the windmill. I lit the windmill with a small torch for a few seconds on the final exposure. All 120 exposures were cleaned of aircraft and satellite trails and stacked in Photoshop.

Terrestrial and Celestial Transport


The International Space Station passes over the Prince of Wales Bridge. This image is a montage of 20 exposures of 10 seconds each at F/4 and ISO 800, all identical in composition, capturing the trail of the ISS as it moves from west to south across the sky. Because the ISS is moving, its brightness depends on aperture and ISO but not shutter speed. Hence by reducing the length of each exposure, I was able to make the bridge darker while maintaining the brightness of the ISS to balance the image. The exposure I used was the maximum I could while not blowing the highlights in the bridge. In processing I pushed the exposure of the whole image by +1 stop and then held back the exposure of the bridge using a virtual -1 stop ND grad. I combined the 20 frames as layers in Photoshop. Because the sky got darker between the first and last frame (3 minutes 20 seconds apart) I blended the 20 frames using the Lighten mode and then overlaid the ISS trail onto the background of the first (lightest) image, so as to show Jupiter (towards the left, between the bridge and the ISS) and the stars as points rather than trails. It is a pity there some murk over Newport that obscures the western end of the ISS trail; I was hoping to see the ISS rise between the bridge pillars.

Red Planet


Mars shining brightly over Stonehenge at 1am, the darkest time of a summer night. Just past Opposition, on 31 July the Red Planet was at its closest to Earth for 15 years. The terrestrial landscape is illuminated by light from the waning gibbous moon.

The Eyes Have It


There is very little that is sharp in this image but I think that puts all the attention on the amazing complex eyes of this southern hawker dragonfly. This species is innately curious and was hovering to take a close look at me beside a pond in Ravenroost Wood, Wiltshire. I used a 300mm lens wide open at F/5.6 to get just the head in focus, a shutter speed of 1,000th second to freeze the movement of the head (though not the wings and body), ISO 800 for correct exposure and quick reactions to get my focus point over its head before it flew away.

Golden Wiltshire


The summer heatwave has left much of Wiltshire looking parched. I made this image of Cherhill Down three quarters of an hour before sunset, when for a few minutes warm evening sunlight turned the grass golden. My location was carefully selected so that the contours of chalk downland and texture of dry grass play a prominent role in the foreground. Giving a strong sense of place, well balanced in the composition, Cherhill white horse and the Lansdowne Monument are the key focal points of the image.



Beavers are living wild in the west country after an absence of 400 years. This female was born to wild-living parents two years ago and has now established her own territory, where she and her mate are busy clearing channels and building dams. These shy animals are nature's engineers and delightful to watch.

Dunstanburgh Castle


Situated on a lonely crag between Craster and Embleton, Dunstanburgh Castle has the most dramatic location of all Northumberland's castles. Although only a solitary tower is visible from the north, the viewpoint benefits from a beach foreground of wave-rounded boulders. As high tide turns these are left wet and reflective, whilst half an hour before sunset, the crag and tower are bathed in warm light. With the boulders in shadow at this time of day, three different exposures were required to capture the whole dynamic range. I used a four stop neutral density filter to give a 10 second shutter speed on the longest exposure, which has pleasingly smoothed out the waves to give a tranquil feeling to the scene.

Arctic Tern


Arctic tern attacking photographers on Inner Farne during my second Northumberland Sea Birds and Castles Tour in 2018. I photographed with a wide angle lens as it swooped in to dive-bomb our group. By manually setting the focus, the depth of field enabled me to include the island's Pele Tower in the background.

Puffin Delivery


Puffin delivering sand eels to its nest on Staple Island, photographed during my first Northumberland Sea Birds and Castles Tour of 2018. Getting focus locked on is tricky owing to the speed at which puffins fly and requires careful panning as they approach. A little sea mist softened the light, avoiding harsh contrasts between the puffin's sunlit face and shaded underside.

Military Orchid


Military orchid is one of Britain's rarest flowers, with just three known sites. I made this photograph after overnight rain in Buckinghamshire. Each of the flowers was at a slightly different distance, so I made five frames at F/8 with identical compositions but different points of focus using my 100mm macro lens. I then combined them using focus stacking software to create this finished result with the flowers sharp and the background diffuse.



Yellowhammers are surely one of our most striking native birds. I thought they would look good against a backdrop of flowering oil seed rape so I tracked down a nesting pair on the Marlborough Downs and set up my hide at the field edge just after sunrise. Both parents were bringing a regular supply of insects for their brood to eat, though the female was working considerably harder than her partner! I photographed the male for his bright yellow plumage, almost exactly the same tone as the rape flowers.

Bantham Beach


Bantham Beach in south Devon features spectacular rock fins and ridges. Access to the beach is cut off around high tide and I chose the day for this shot so I could get onto the beach just 50 minutes before sunset. Fifteen minutes later, the falling tide had exposed enough of these ridges to make an interesting foreground, whilst the low evening sun imparted golden tones to the rock fins and cliffs beyond. A four stop neutral density filter enabled a 15 second shutter speed, which has pleasingly smoothed out the waves and brought out a reflection of the largest rock fin. The right tidal and lighting conditions for this image come together for just a few minutes on a couple of days per month.



Cuckoos are often heard at this time of year but seldom seen. This male has been a regular visitor to Thursley Common in Surrey during May for the last five years. He announced his approach by calling, enabling me to photograph him in the act of landing on a carefully placed branch.

Night sky over Elan Valley


Far from major towns and cities, the Elan Valley in mid Wales is an International Dark Sky Park. I photographed the night sky over Garreg-ddu reservoir, lighting the Victorian Foel Tower (a water intake) with my hand torch to provide a foreground. Looking due north at midnight, the W shaped constellation of Cassiopeia lies over the tower, with the faint band of the Milky Way running through it. The water was sufficiently still to reflect the brighter stars, though slight ripples during my 20 second exposure have turned the reflected stars into short streaks.

Hartland Quay


Dramatic intertidal rock formations at Hartland Quay in North Devon are best photographed between one and two hours after high tide, as the sea begins to receed leaving reflective wet rocks on the upper beach. Just after sunrise, clouds in the western sky coloured up, whilst a strong westerly wind was sending big waves crashing into the seaward rocks. I used a 4 stop neutral density filter to lengthen the time the shutter was open to four seconds, giving a soft, flowing appearance to the receeding water in the foreground.



Ptarmigan are a demanding species to find, being confined within Britain to high mountains of northern Scotland. A trek through deep snow on the flanks of Cairngorm mountain was eventually successful. Using overcast light, I made a high key photograph in which the ptarmigan's white plumage blends with its snowy habitat to make an almost abstract image.

Mountain hare in snow


By Day 3 of my Cairngorms Birds and Mammals tour, fallen snow carpeted the Findhorn Valley. This mountain hare had already moulted most of its white winter coat, making it easy to spot on a steep hillside. We were able to approach closely to make portraits of the animal resting, alert and grooming.

Red Squirrel in Snow


Snow was falling on the first two mornings of my Cairngorms Birds and Mammals tour, creating excellent settings for photographing red squirrels.

Glen Affric


A tranquil loch bounded by Caledonian pine forest and ringed by snow-capped mountains, Glen Affric is a vision of what Scotland must have looked like before most of its native trees were felled. On Easter Sunday morning, the mighty peak of Sgurr nan Ceathreamhnan is reflected in Loch Affric, surrounded by a foreground of ice.

Frost at Old Man of Storr


Starting two hours before sunrise, we ascended The Storr to capture golden light on the Old Man and his neighbouring rock pinnacles. Overnight hail was scattered over the ground which, together with a hard frost, brought the foreground to life. I like the way that the first few minutes of sunlight play on the contours of frosted ground.

Misty Morning at Kilchurn Castle


The second morning of my Glencoe and Skye tour encountered superb conditions at Kilchurn Castle on Loch Awe. A perfect reflection, mist descending and the rising sun behind us casting golden light on the hill beyond the castle. Mounting my camera low to the ground, I framed the castle's reflection with two shoreside boulders.

Cold Day at Silbury Hill


A flooded moat, ice and snow are a rare combination at Silbury Hill; in fact this is the first time I have seen all three at the same time. I liked the texture in the wind-blown snow and made that my foreground, with the boundary between icy moat and snow sweeping in a curve from bottom right through the image towards the main subject. I waited until there was good amount of cloud in the sky, predominantly to the right of the hill so as to balance the bright snow at bottom left.

Big Freeze


I went to Snowdonia to photograph the effects of the cold weather gripping the country. After several days of sub-zero temperatures, Llyn Cwmffynnon, a glacial lake between Glyder Fawr and Moel Berfedd, is under ice. Intriguing patterns in the ice suggest that the lake froze while wind was rippling the water surface. Although Glyder Fawr was hidden in cloud, I was able to include Moel Berfedd in the background. I spent a while fine-tuning my position to make the most of the foreground rocks so when lovely pink tones spread across the sky at sunset, my composition was ready to go.



Harsh weather brings fieldfares into gardens in search of food. I welcome these handsome, fiesty thrushes and put out some apples for them to eat. After a second day of snow, the apples have almost disappeared from view. However, the fieldfares are hungrier and there have been up to four in my front garden, sometimes fighting with each other over apple rights. This one made a well-balanced composition with just enough of the apples showing and the bird almost entirely within the plane of focus. I like the patch of snow on the fieldfare's forehead and used fill-in flash to put a catchlight in its eye.

Star Trails over Knowlton Church


The ruins of Knowlton church in Dorset are an evocative place. On a clear, cold night, I made 105 exposures of 30 seconds each at F/2.8 and combined them as layers in Photoshop to show the effect of the earth's rotation over nearly an hour. The church and surrounding landscape are illuminated by the waxing gibbous moon.

Claerwen Dam


Claerwen Dam is the largest of four dams in the Elan Valley of mid Wales, impounding 48 billion litres of water. I asked two passers by to stand on the bridge to show the scale of the spillway, 56m in height. My four stop neutral density filter gave a 0.6 second shutter speed to pleasingly blur the flow in this artificial waterfall.

Sunrise at Devil's Den


First light revealed a light dusting of overnight snow, so I went to Devil's Den, a Neolithic dolmen in the heart of the Marlborough Downs. The entrance to this ancient burial mound, of which just these standing stones remain, may well have been deliberately oriented towards the direction of winter sunrise. I waited for the sun to reach the exact corner of the aperture, giving a starburst but no unwanted flare.

Crib Goch


Dawn at Llyn Cwmffynnon in Snowdonia, reached by a steep climb from Pen-y-pass. Perfectly still conditions reflect the snow-capped peak of Crib Goch and a subtly toned overcast sky. My four stop neutral density filter increased the shutter speed to 10 seconds, bringing out the reflection even more strongly than I saw it.

Glaciated Landscape


Ogwen Valley, Tryfan and Cwm Idwal in Snowdonia, viewed from Pinnacle Crag. My photograph captures the glacial hanging valley of Llyn Idwal, 64 metres above Llyn Ogwen in the larger glacial valley below. Both are overlooked by the serrated, snow-capped peak of Tryfan.

Snowdon at Sunrise


A pre-dawn hike up the Miner's Track to Llyn Llydaw by our group of 18 photographers was rewarded when the clouds parted at sunrise to reveal Snowdon suffused in pink, orange and gold, along with the waning gibbous moon. Unfortunately it was too windy for a perfect reflection, so instead I balanced the mountain in the composition with a large glacial erratic boulder in the foreground.

Super Blue Moon


A "super moon" is when full moon coincides with lunar perigee, making it 14% bigger and 30% brighter than an apogee full moon. A "blue moon" is the second full moon in a calendar month. On the last day of January we had both, though unfortunately today's total lunar eclipse was finished before the moon rose in Wiltshire. Standing in a cold, muddy cabbage field, I captured moonrise behind a solitary tree on Salthrop Hill.

Woodborough Hill


Viewed from Golden Ball Hill on the Pewsey Downs, the distinctive landmark of Woodborough Hill is balanced in this composition by a small group of farm buildings adjacent to a copse of trees. Mist lying in the southern Vale separates Woodborough Hill from Salisbury Plain in the distance. Winter sunrise creates raking shadows across the frosty fields and an interplay of light and shade around the contours of the hill.

Blue tit at reflection pool


Last year I built a reflection pool in my garden. Raised up on timber uprights to just below the level of the viewing slots of my garden bird hide, it enables me to sit in comfort with an eye-level view of the birds as they come to drink. I placed a log as background and dead leaves to cover the liner. Today's low winter sun shows the plumage of this blue tit to good effect.

Durdle Door


Around midwinter, sunset can be photographed through the arch of Durdle Door in Dorset. I made this image during my Jurassic Coast Photography Tour. The group lined up on the beach and waited for the sun to fall on each of us in turn, so we could each make a picture of the sun clipping the side of the arch. I made my image with a fish-eye lens at 15mm focal length. I like the curved perspective the fish-eye gives to the bay and the wave. By keeping the horizon straight across the middle of the image, I was able to avoid that becoming curved too.

Abandoned Millstones


These abandoned millstones lie at the foot of Stanage Edge in the Peak District. I had noticed during a previous visit last year that the face of the millstone in the centre of the image is oriented towards winter sunrise. Returning, I captured this image 35 minutes before sunrise on a snowy December morning, as the lightning sky in the south-east starts to catch the spiral of snow on the millstone. The resulting picture looks almost as cold as I felt. Unfortunately, by the time the sun actually rose at 0802, clouds had covered the whole sky.



I photographed this male kestrel from a hide in Worcestershire. I nailed the dead mice to the fence so the kestrel and his mate would spend some time ripping them out while I filled my memory card with images.

Wembury Point


I photographed Wembury Point in south-west Devon about half an hour after sunset. In December, the sun sets just to the right of the Great Mewstone, leaving the sky suffused pink, yellow and orange. High tide had just turned, leaving the rocks wet enough to be reflective, whilst an 8 second exposure has smoothed out the motion of the sea. I like the way that the west-east dip of the foreground rocks echoes that of the distant Mewstone, suggesting that the Mewstone is a scaled-up version of its cousins on the beach.

Ladram Bay at Night


During a lecture tour in South Devon, I made a trip to Ladram Bay to photograph one of the sea stacks illuminated by the gibbous moon. Red sandstone looks fantastic by moonlight, which provided a good balance with the stars. Orion is towards the top right, whilst adjacent to the stack is Sirius on the right and Procyon on the left. To capture all the stars I wanted, I made three overlapping images with my 24mm lens and stitched them together using PTGui. Exposure of each image was F/2.8 for 20 seconds at ISO 1600.

Wiltshire Beech Avenue


In southern England, Autumn 2017 is lasting well into the middle of November. I discovered this lane in Rockley for myself and have visited many times but on this particular morning, as I made my way home for breakfast after a 4am start, everything came together perfectly. Heavy rain a couple of days previously had flooded the track, still air made a reflection and great light fulfilled the scene's potential. I composed with the dominant arching branch and its reflection framing the scene and the track leading the eye to ... where?

Skiddaw reflected


Situated in the northern Lake District, Skiddaw is the sixth highest mountain in England. On a still, frosty morning at the end of October I made my way up a hillside to Tewet Tarn, planning to photograph a reflection of the mountain. I needed wellington boots to wade into the edge of the tarn in order to use this trio of rocks as foreground. My reward was not only a perfect reflection but also a fantastic interplay of subtle light as dawn approached, turning the mountain first pink and then gold. For more images see my Lake District in Autumn Gallery.

Buttermere at dawn


I arrived at this solitary silver birch tree on the north shore of Buttermere before first light. It was overcast but the clouds were forecast to break around sunrise, giving the possibility of good colour in the sky. I composed with the tree close to the lowest point of the mountains on the horizon, which corresponds with the location of sunrise. The clouds were propelled by a brisk wind, so I waited for them to form a pleasing configuration around the tree. Although the surface of the lake was rippled, an 8 second exposure brought out a partial reflection of the mountains. The whole image is dominated by the restful pastel tones of a Lake District autumn.

Storm Brian


I positioned myself behind a high sea wall to capture this image of another photographer at Milton on Sea in Hampshire, as Storm Brian sent a huge wave over the promenade. The solitary figure, lifebelt and seats give scale to this image. Minutes later, an even bigger wave overtopped the wall and soaked me from head to toe.

Landscape Photographer of the Year - Commended Image


The results of the national Landscape Photographer of the Year competition were announced today and I am pleased to have been awarded a Commendation in the Classic View category for the first photograph I made in 2017. Deep in the Dorset countryside, ruined Knowlton Church is situated within a Neolithic henge. I chose to make this image a few minutes after sunrise on a heavily frosted January morning. I like the way the low sunlight embraces the earthworks, emphasising their subtle contours. Frosted grass brings the scene to life. My image conveys a sense of the many layers and millennia of history at this sacred site, from prehistoric pagans to medieval Christians.

Bugling at Dawn


October is the rutting season for Britain's largest indigenous land mammal, red deer. At sunrise on this Sunday morning, a little mist swathed the hollows of Richmond Park. I approached a herd of deer with the sun directly in front of me and as I did so, this stag proclaimed his ownership of a harem of hinds with a full-throated roar at potential intruders. By focusing on the deer and exposing for the background, I captured a silhouette of the stag with a diffuse backdrop of golden mist. I like the way sunlight glints off his antlers.

Great Staple Tor at Night


I made this image while leading my Dartmoor Tors and Hidden Valleys Photography Tour. After an early meal, we ascended Great Staple Tor before sunset on a fine evening and waited for the sky to become fully dark. The rock pillars make excellent silhouettes and the familiar constellation of Ursa Major lies low in the evening sky in September. I composed so that the "handle" of The Plough wrapped around one rock pillar and Arcturus, the brightest star in the northern sky, is positioned to the left of another rock pillar. A 20 second exposure has rendered the stars sharp without motion blur from the earth's rotation. ISO 3200 has recorded many background stars and post-processing with Starspikes enhanced the first and second magnitude stars. My next Dartmoor tour will run from 18 to 21 October 2018.

Oregon Coast


Pounded by Pacific storms, the Oregon coast has fragmented into countless sea stacks. I like the simplicity of this composition made after sunset, with rock silhouettes forming an asymmetric balance. Made on a falling tide, the wet beach reflects both rock stacks and sunset. More sea stacks feature in my Oregon Coast Gallery.

Total Solar Eclipse


I travelled to Oregon to photograph the total solar eclipse of 21 August 2017 under perfect viewing conditions. This composite image shows the different stages of the eclipse captured over two and a half hours. Totality at my observing location lasted just 1 minute 18 seconds, during which time I worked fast to photograph the diamond ring, solar corona, prominences and Baily's beads using a wide variety of different exposures. The resulting images can be seen in my Total Solar Eclipse gallery.

Alpine Meadow


Alpine wild flower meadows are a glorious, though fleeting, spectacle of nature. Above the tree line, the growing season is just a few weeks betwen snow melt in July and snow fall in September. I found these broadleaved lupins on the slopes of Mount Rainier and thought they made the perfect foreground to the glacier-clad mountain. The contrast between fragile flowers and harsh ice is offset by the lupins complementing the colour of the sky. In order to balance the flowers and the mountain in the frame, I had to work very close to the lupins with my 16-35mm wide angle lens. Even stopped down to F/22, there was insufficient depth of field to get the whole image sharp. I therefore made three frames with identical compositions and exposures but different points of focus, which I combined using Helicon Focus software to produce a finished image with both lupins and mountain in sharp focus. For more alpine flowers see my Mount Rainier Gallery.

Verdant Tapestry


Hoh rainforest on the Olympic peninsula of Washington State is drenched by more than 3 metres of annual rainfall. Even in the relatively dry month of August, these bigleaf maples (Acer macrophyllum) are draped in moss and surrounded by luxuriant ferns. In order to make this picture, I returned when clouds briefly covered the sun giving diffuse light. This creates more saturated colours and avoids bright highlights where shafts of direct sunlight penetrate the canopy. Please visit my Olympic National Park Gallery.



To photograph these juvenile buzzards in their nest, I used a hide mounted on a scaffolding tower 5m above the ground. During the middle of the day, the light was too harsh and contrasty, creating many highlights in the background, but by early evening it was softened by light cloud which enabled this more pleasing image. Despite waiting nearly all day, the parent birds did not return to feed their adolescent young. It was tempting to think that the adults had their fill of parenting and were encouraging their offspring to take flight and find their own food.

Whitby Sunset


The delightful town of Whitby in Yorkshire is situated on England's east coast. However, the local coastline has a north-east orientation, such that for a few weeks around midsummer when the sun sets far to the north, it can be seen over the sea. I positioned myself in the churchyard of St Mary's Church overlooking Whitby's elegantly curved harbour arms. When the sun briefly appeared from behind clouds I had the shot I wanted - an east coast sunset.

Farne Islands Wildlife Photography Tour


While I was leading a photography tour in Northumberland, my group was particularly keen to capture images of puffins in flight carrying sand eels to their chicks. Northumberland's Farne Islands has 80,000 puffins and is easily the best place in England to photograph them. However, getting sharp images of these fast-flying birds is not straightforward. Key to success is bright overcast conditions to give abundant but not overly contrasty light; a carefully chosen location with a view of puffins as they approach so the autofocus has time to lock on; and manual exposure - in this case F/8 for sufficient depth of field, 1/1,600th second to get the body of the bird absolutely sharp and ISO 640.

Fighting Skuas


Great skuas are aggressive, predatory birds of the subarctic. These two males Shetland were disputing conjugal rights to a nearby female, who appeared to be looking on in dismay as they tried to gouge each other's eyes out with their beaks. I shot well over 100 images in a few minutes and it was only when I looked at them afterwards that I could see the details of what was going on. In this frame, the bird on the left has pincered the bird on the right with its beak and is using the force of its wings to subdue it on the ground.

Muckle Flugga


I captured this view of the most northerly point in the British Isles on the island of Unst in Shetland, at latitude 60.85 degrees. Unst's Hermaness coast is exposed to the full fury of Atlantic storms, evidence of which can be seen in the huge sea stacks carved from the headland. A spectacular rock arch can be seen to the left whilst in the distance, Muckle Flugga lighthouse clings precariously to the northernmost stack.

Chequered Skipper


The Chequered skipper is found only in a few glens in the western highlands of Scotland. It is the 58th and final species of British butterfly I have tracked down and photographed. Images of all 58 and the story of finding them are told in my new illustrated talk Butterfly Summer.

Catch of the Day


I have long wanted to photograph ospreys fishing and travelled to Aviemore in Cairngorms National Park to do so. Two 4am starts and nine hours in a hide produced just a couple of minutes of good photography but I was not disappointed. It is extraordinary to watch these magnificent birds dragging huge trout from the water, straining their wings to get airbourne. By pre-setting my shutter speed to 1/1250th of a second and selecting a single focus point over the bird's head, I was able get the head and fish sharp whilst the osprey's wings are blurred by motion.

Monkey Orchid


An extreme rarity in Britain, the monkey orchid is named for its bizarre flowers, each of which contains a tiny simian figure with flailing arms and legs. I found this one on chalk downland in Kent and with my aperture set to F/8, made several images with identical compositions but different points of focus. I then combined the images using focus stacking software to create this finished result, which has a good depth of field throughout the flower but a diffuse, soft focus background.

Tawny Owl


Although widespread, tawny owls are our most nocturnal owl, making them difficult to photograph in the wild. I spent all night in a hide in Lincolnshire, my camera trained on a carefully sited perch baited with dead mice and illuminated with a focusing light. To make the photographs, I fired twin flash guns by wireless remote control, giving a pleasing light on the owl that is free of harsh shadows. Of the many images I captured during the night, this one has the most impact as the owl is staring straight at me.

Field of Gold


Like it or loathe it, oil seed rape is a striking feature of Wiltshire's spring countryside. I enjoy finding new compositions each year as the crop is rotated through different fields. This one seems partcularly effecive, with tractor lines talking the eye to a vanishing point near a few derelict buildings slightly right of centre, balanced by the clump of trees on Morgan's Hill on the left. I had to raise my camera above eye level to optimise the foreground of rape. I visited three times before I got a suitably interesting sky to complete the scene.

Gopher Wood


Gopher Wood in Wiltshire is a magical place, packed with characterful trees and a stunning ground flora of bluebells and ramsons. Of the many compositions I made this May Day, I like this one best as it captures the feel of an ancient woodland.

White-tailed Sea Eagle


With a wing span exceeding 2 metres,white-tailed sea eagles are Britain's largest bird of prey. Once extinct in the British Isles, they have been reintroduced to the Western Isles of Scotland. I made this photograph from a boat off the west coast of Mull. The eagle swooped to seize a fish thrown into the water, enabling me to track it using predictive auofocus and a shutter speed of 1/1,600th second. Overcast lighting, a common feature on Mull, required a high ISO but suits the subject as it avoids excessive contrast and a difficult to expose shadow on the undeside of the bird's wing.

Old Man of Storr


The Old Man of Storr is the tallest of three bizarre rock pinnacles, formed by the Trotternish landslip on the Isle of Skye. The mountainside faces east and to get the best light, the ascent must be started in darkness. This classic view is looking down from a rocky knoll to the north as the rising sun bathes the pinnacles in golden light. A small group of photographers at the bottom left of my image shows the scale and grandeur of the scene. For more images of Skye's stunning landscape, see my key [719811] doesn't existSkye Gallery.

Spring on Rannoch Moor


This image of Rannoch Moor was made two days after the spring equinox but fresh snowfall gives the impression of mid-winter. Made in numbing cold close to sunrise, I liked the way that snow and frost etches every twig of the trees and the perfect symmetry cresated by its reflection. There are more images from this shoot in my key [695770] doesn't existWest Highlands Gallery.



The iridescent kingfisher is Britain's most jewel-like bird and one that is highly sought by photographers. Kingfishers are shy and dive so fast there is no chance of following them with a camera. I captured this image of a surfacing female from a hide on a tidal riverbank. A reflection pool was set up in front of the hide with a small tank in the centre into which I placed the fish. This guaranteed the location at which the kingfisher would dive and emerge, hopefully with its catch, enabling me to fix the position of the camera and pre-focus. I was shooting 6 frames per second at a shutter speed of 1/3,200th second to freeze the action. Pressing the remote release shutter as soon as the bird left its perch, its whole dive was over and it was back on its perch in less than the two seconds it took to fill the canera buffer with images. Please visit my Kingfisher Gallery.

Aurora Borealis, Lofoten Islands


Spectacular scenery, long hours of winter darkness and proximity to the arctic circle makes Norway's Lofoten Islands an ideal location to photograph the northern lights or aurora borealis. I found this location on the eastern shore of Kjerk Fjord on Moskenesoya Island in the afternoon and returned after dark. With the full moon behind me, I waited four hours wrapped up against the cold for clouds to part and the aurora to appear. The celestial light show started around 11pm with a bright aurora over the southern side of the fjord. I quickly recomposed my intended shot to include this traditional cottage overlooking the fjord. A 3.2 second exposure has recorded the form of the quick-moving aurora, whilst an aperture of F/2.8 and ISO 1600 correctly exposed the moonlit peaks and cottage.

Arctic Dawn


In northern Norway, the sun does not rise for several weeks around midwinter. When later in winter the sun does rise, it does so at a very gentle angle, skimming the highest mountain peaks long before it reaches the frozen fjords between them. I made this image of Bals Fjord as the first rays of sunlight caught a distant peak. Only the softly pink sky (known as the "Belt of Venus") gives colour to a landscape dominated by ice and snow. For more arctic images, see my key [716448] doesn't existArctic Norway Gallery.

Sunrise, Llyn Padern


In winter, sunrise can be viewed through Snowdonia's Llanberis pass, shining down the length of Llyn Padern. I used this distinctive lone tree on the lake shore as the main subject and positioned my camera low down to capture a starburst effect as the sun shone through a small gap formed by the tree's twisted branches, an effect that lasted only a few seconds.

Crossover at Conwy Castle


Conwy Castle is a fine example of Medieval military architecture. Knowing that the castle is lit at night, I decided to make an image across the Conwy Estuary at dusk. I chose a fine evening when low tide coincided with sunset to enable a foreground of reflective wet mudflat and positioned myself so that a winding creek leads the eye into the frame. I made my image about 40 minutes after sunset to take advantage of cross-over lighting, when there was a balance between artificial light on the castle and ambient light on the landscape.

Black Mountain in White


The Black Mountain in the west of the Brecon Beacons is an impressive ridge with a steep north-facing cliff carved by glaciers. Llyn y fan fach nestles in the corrie, encircled on three sides by the mountain range. I decided to make an image in snow and knew that overcast conditions would be required, as the winter sun is too low in the sky to reach the cliff face or much of the lake. I ascended the slope west of the lake and looked for suitable foreground when this rock outcrop caught my attention. Its inclusion balances the dark lake on the left and creates a sense of depth, allowing the eye to follow the line of cliffs as they wrap the lake in a frosty winter embrace.