Moon rise over The Needles

August's Full Moon rising over the Needles on the Isle of Wight. I was standing 12.6 km away, making this the most distant foreground I have yet used in astrophotography. As the Full Moon clears the horizon, it appears distended, bloated and misshapen. This is the result of atmospheric refraction. In fact at the moment I took this picture, the Moon was below the horizon. What we see is an image of the Moon projected by atmospheric refraction around the curvature of the Earth. Taking that into account, it is unsurprising the Moon seems not its usual self.